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Apollo (spacecraft)

The Apollo spacecraft was composed of three parts designed to accomplish the American Apollo programs goal of landing astronauts on the Moon by the end of the 1960s and returning them safely to Earth. The expendable spacecraft consisted of a comb ...

Cargo spacecraft

Cargo spacecraft are robotic spacecraft that are designed to carry cargo, possibly to support space stations operation by transporting food, propellant and other supplies. This is different from space probes, whose missions are to conduct scienti ...

Buran (spacecraft)

Buran was the first spaceplane to be produced as part of the Soviet/Russian Buran programme. It is, depending on the source, also known as OK-1K1 ", Orbiter K1 ", OK 1.01 or Shuttle 1.01 ". Besides describing the first operational Soviet/Russian ...

Vostok (spacecraft)

The Vostok was a type of spacecraft built by the Soviet Union. The first human spaceflight was accomplished with Vostok 1 on April 12, 1961, by Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. The spacecraft was part of the Vostok programme, in which six manned sp ...

Voskhod (spacecraft)

The Voskhod was a spacecraft built by the Soviet Unions space program for human spaceflight as part of the Voskhod programme. It was a development of and a follow-on to the Vostok spacecraft. Voskhod 1 was used for a three-man flight whereas Vosk ...

Gaganyaan

Gaganyaan is an Indian crewed orbital spacecraft intended to be the formative spacecraft of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme. The spacecraft is being designed to carry three people, and a planned upgraded version will be equipped with rende ...

Hermes (spacecraft)

Hermes was a proposed spaceplane designed by the French Centre National dEtudes Spatiales in 1975, and later by the European Space Agency. It was superficially similar to the American Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar and the larger Space Shuttle. In January ...

Project Gemini

Project Gemini was NASAs second human spaceflight program. Conducted between projects Mercury and Apollo, Gemini started in 1961 and concluded in 1966. The Gemini spacecraft carried a two-astronaut crew. Ten Gemini crews flew low Earth orbit miss ...

Zarya (spacecraft)

The Zarya spacecraft was a secret Soviet project of the late 1980s aiming to design and build a large manned vertical-takeoff, vertical-landing reusable space capsule, a much larger replacement for the Soyuz. The project was developed during 1985 ...

Kliper

Kliper was an early-2000s proposed partially-reusable crewed spacecraft concept by RSC Energia. Due to lack of funding from the ESA and RSA, the project was indefinitely postponed by 2006. Designed primarily to replace the Soyuz spacecraft, Klipe ...

ITS launch vehicle

The ITS launch vehicle was a 2016–2017 design for a privately-funded very large 12-meter -diameter orbital launch vehicle planned to be developed by SpaceX. Design work was discontinued in 2017 when development was shifted to a smaller 9-meter ve ...

Reusable launch system

A reusable launch system is a space launch system that includes the recovery of some or all of the component stages. To date, several fully reusable sub-orbital systems and partially reusable orbital systems have been flown. The first reusable la ...

Orion (spacecraft)

The Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle is a class of partially reusable spacecraft used in NASAs human spaceflight programs. Consisting of two components – a Crew Module manufactured by Lockheed Martin and a European Service Module manufactured by ...

Progress (spacecraft)

The Progress is a Russian expendable cargo spacecraft. Its purpose is to deliver supplies needed to sustain human presence in orbit. While it does not carry a crew it can be boarded by astronauts when docked with a space station, hence it being c ...

Soyuz (spacecraft)

Soyuz is a series of spacecraft designed for the Soviet space program by the Korolev Design Bureau in the 1960s that remains in service today, having made more than 140 flights. The Soyuz succeeded the Voskhod spacecraft and was originally built ...

100 Year Starship

The 100 Year Starship is a joint U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and National Aeronautics and Space Administration grant project to a private entity. The goal of the study is to create a business plan that can foster the research a ...

Orel (spacecraft)

Orel or Oryol, formerly Federation, and PPTS, is a project by Roscosmos to develop a new-generation, partially reusable crewed spacecraft. Until 2016, the official name was Russian: Пилотируемый Транспортный Корабль Нового Поколения, lit. New Gen ...

Fuji (spacecraft)

Fuji was a crewed spacecraft of the space capsule kind, proposed by Japans National Space Development Agency Advanced mission Research center in December 2001. The Fuji design was ultimately not adopted.

Shenzhou (spacecraft)

Shenzhou is a spacecraft developed and operated by China using Soyuz technology to support its crewed spaceflight program. The name is variously translated as divine vessel, divine craft, or divine ship. Its design resembles the Russian Soyuz spa ...

Space probe

A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit Earth, but instead, explores further into outer space. A space probe may approach the Moon; travel through interplanetary space; flyby, orbit, or land on other planetary bodies; or enter i ...

Satellite

In the context of spaceflight, a satellite is an object that has been intentionally placed into orbit. These objects are called artificial satellites to distinguish them from natural satellites such as Earths Moon. On 4 October 1957 the Soviet Un ...

Aura (satellite)

Aura is a multi-national NASA scientific research satellite in orbit around the Earth, studying the Earths ozone layer, air quality and climate. It is the third major component of the Earth Observing System following on Terra and Aqua. Aura follo ...

Arase (satellite)

Arase, formerly known as Exploration of energization and Radiation in Geospace, is a scientific satellite to study the Van Allen belts. It was developed by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science of JAXA. While there was a scientist work ...

Interstellar Boundary Explorer

Interstellar Boundary Explorer is a NASA satellite in Earth orbit that uses Energetic Neutral Atoms to image the interaction region between the Solar System and interstellar space. The mission is part of NASAs Small Explorer program and was launc ...

LARES (satellite)

LARES is an Italian Space Agency scientific satellite launched from the ESA Guiana Space Centre of Kourou, French Guiana, by the first flight of the European launch vehicle Vega on 13 February 2012. An improved version called LARES 2 is scheduled ...

THEOS (satellite)

THEOS, also known as Thaichote, is an earth observation mission of Thailand, developed at EADS Astrium SAS, Toulouse, France. In July 2004, EADS Astrium SAS signed a contract for delivery of THEOS with GISTDA of Bangkok, Thailand. GISTDA is Thail ...

Akebono (satellite)

Akebono is a satellite to study aurora and Earths magnetosphere environment. It was developed by Institute of Space and Astronautical Science and launched by M-3SII rocket on February 22, 1989. After 26 years of successful observation, operation ...

Amalthea (moon)

Amalthea is a moon of Jupiter. It has the third closest orbit around Jupiter among known moons and was the fifth moon of Jupiter to be discovered, so is also known as Jupiter V. Edward Emerson Barnard discovered the moon on 9 September 1892 and n ...

Amos (satellite)

Amos is a series of Israeli communications satellites operated by Israel-based Spacecom. All Amos satellites were developed by Israel Aerospace Industries using the AMOS bus platform, except for Amos-5 which was developed by JSC Reshetnev using t ...

Aryabhata (satellite)

Aryabhata was Indias first satellite, named after the famous Indian astronomer of the same name. It was launched on 19 April 1975 from Kapustin Yar, a Russian rocket launch and development site in Astrakhan Oblast using a Kosmos-3M launch vehicle ...

Ariel (moon)

Ariel is the fourth-largest of the 27 known moons of Uranus. Ariel orbits and rotates in the equatorial plane of Uranus, which is almost perpendicular to the orbit of Uranus and so has an extreme seasonal cycle. It was discovered in October 1851 ...

Asterix (satellite)

Asterix, the first French satellite, was launched on November 26, 1965 by a Diamant A rocket from the CIEES launch site at Hammaguir, French Algeria. With Asterix, France became the sixth country to have an artificial satellite in orbit after the ...

BelKA

It was a remote sensing satellite that utilizes the Victoria universal satellite bus, developed by Belarusian researchers and Russian Rocket and Space Corporation RSC Energia for National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus as the fina ...

Vanth (moon)

Vanth, full designation Orcus I Vanth, is the single known natural satellite of the plutino and likely dwarf planet Orcus. With a diameter of about 440 km, it is probably the third-largest known moon of a Trans-Neptunian object, after Pluto I Cha ...

Ganymede (moon)

Ganymede, a satellite of Jupiter, is the largest and most massive of the Solar Systems moons. The ninth largest object in the Solar System, it is the largest without a substantial atmosphere. It has a diameter of 5.268 km and is 8% larger than th ...

Himalia (moon)

Himalia, or Jupiter VI, is the largest irregular satellite of Jupiter, with a diameter of at least 140 km. It is the fifth largest Jovian satellite, after the four Galilean moons. It was discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine at the Lick Observator ...

Hyperion (moon)

Hyperion, also known as Saturn VII, is a moon of Saturn discovered by William Cranch Bond, George Phillips Bond and William Lassell in 1848. It is distinguished by its irregular shape, its chaotic rotation, and its unexplained sponge-like appeara ...

Dione (moon)

Dione is a moon of Saturn. It was discovered by Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini in 1684. It is named after the Titaness Dione of Greek mythology. It is also designated Saturn IV.

Dysnomia (moon)

Dysnomia Eris I Dysnomia) is the only known moon of the dwarf planet Eris and very probably the second-largest known moon of a dwarf planet, after Pluto I Charon. It was discovered in 2005 by Mike Brown and the laser guide star adaptive optics te ...

Europa (moon)

Europa, or Jupiter II, is the smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter, and the sixth-closest to the planet of all the 79 known moons of Jupiter. It is also the sixth-largest moon in the Solar System. Europa was discovered in 1610 by ...

Io (moon)

Io, or Jupiter I, is the innermost and third-largest of the four Galilean moons of the planet Jupiter. It is the fourth-largest moon in the solar system, has the highest density of all of them, and has the lowest amount of water of any known astr ...

Callisto (moon)

Callisto, or Jupiter IV, is the second-largest moon of Jupiter, after Ganymede. It is the third-largest moon in the Solar System after Ganymede and Saturns largest moon Titan, and the largest object in the Solar System that may not be properly di ...

Linus (moon)

Kalliope I Linus is an asteroid moon that orbits the large M-type asteroid 22 Kalliope. It was discovered on August 29, 2001, by astronomers Jean-Luc Margot and Michael E. Brown with the Keck telescope, in Hawaii. Another team also detected the m ...

MK-1TS

MK-1TS Micron is a small Ukrainian microsatellite manufactured by Yuzhmash. MK-1TS was launched on December 24, 2004, at 13:20 from the Plesetsk cosmodrome using a Cyclone-3 launch vehicle together with Sich-1M satellite. Both satellites were pla ...

Mimas (moon)

Mimas, also designated Saturn I, is a moon of Saturn which was discovered in 1789 by William Herschel. It is named after Mimas, a son of Gaia in Greek mythology. With a diameter of 396 kilometres 246 mi it is the smallest astronomical body that i ...

Miranda (moon)

Miranda, also designated Uranus V, is the smallest and innermost of Uranuss five round satellites. It was discovered by Gerard Kuiper on 16 February 1948 at McDonald Observatory in Texas, and named after Miranda from William Shakespeares play The ...

Mikhailo Lomonosov (satellite)

Mikhailo Lomonosov is an astronomical satellite operated by Moscow State University named after Mikhail Lomonosov.

Quantum Experiments at Space Scale

Quantum Experiments at Space Scale, is a Chinese research project in the field of quantum physics. Tiangong-2 is Chinas second Space Laboratory module which was launched on 15 Sep 2016. Tiangong-2 carries a total of 14 mission and experiment pack ...

Nereid (moon)

Nereid, or Neptune II, is the third-largest moon of Neptune. Of all known moons in the Solar System, it has the most eccentric orbit. It was the second moon of Neptune to be discovered, by Gerard Kuiper in 1949.

Oberon (moon)

Oberon, also designated Uranus IV, is the outermost major moon of the planet Uranus. It is the second-largest and second most massive of the Uranian moons, and the ninth most massive moon in the Solar System. Discovered by William Herschel in 178 ...

Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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