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Formalism (art)

In art history, formalism is the study of art by analyzing and comparing form and style. Its discussion also includes the way objects are made and their purely visual or material aspects. In painting, formalism emphasizes compositional elements s ...

Greek mythology in western art and literature

With the rediscovery of classical antiquity in the Renaissance, the poetry of Ovid became a major influence on the imagination of poets and artists, and remained a fundamental influence on the diffusion and perception of Greek mythology through s ...

Grotto

A grotto is a natural or artificial cave used by humans in both modern times and antiquity, and historically or prehistorically. Naturally occurring grottoes are often small caves near water that are usually flooded or liable to flood at high tid ...

Guild of Saint Luke

The Guild of Saint Luke was the most common name for a city guild for painters and other artists in early modern Europe, especially in the Low Countries. They were named in honor of the Evangelist Luke, the patron saint of artists, who was identi ...

Gurlitt Collection

The Gurlitt Collection was a collection of around 1.500 art works assembled by the late German art dealer Hildebrand Gurlitt which was passed first to his wife Helene, and on her death to their son Cornelius Gurlitt, who died in 2014. The collect ...

Hamburg School of Art History

The so-called Hamburg School of Art History was a school of art historians primarily teaching at the University of Hamburg, who were closely connected with the Kulturwissenschaftliche Bibliothek Warburg at the Warburg Haus, Hamburg. Its main memb ...

History of heraldry

Heraldry is the system of visual identification of rank and pedigree which developed in the European High Middle Ages, closely associated with the courtly culture of chivalry, Latin Christianity, the Crusades, feudal aristocracy, and monarchy of ...

Heritage science

Heritage science is the interdisciplinary domain of scientific study of heritage. Heritage science draws on diverse humanities, sciences and engineering disciplines. It focuses on enhancing the understanding, care and sustainable use of heritage ...

Hexagram

A hexagram or sexagram is a six-pointed geometric star figure with the Schlafli symbol {6/2}, 2{3}, or. Since there are no true regular continuous hexagrams, the term is instead used to refer to the compound figure of two equilateral triangles sh ...

Hierarchy of genres

A hierarchy of genres is any formalization which ranks different genres in an art form in terms of their prestige and cultural value. In literature, the epic was considered the highest form, for the reason expressed by Samuel Johnson in his Life ...

Hierotopy

Hierotopy is the creation of sacred spaces viewed as a special form of human creativity and also a related academic field where specific examples of such creativity are studied. The concept and the term were developed in 2002 by Russian art-histo ...

Hindu art

Hindu art encompasses the artistic traditions and styles culturally connected to Hinduism and have a long history of religious association with Hindu scriptures, rituals and worship.

History of erotic depictions

The history of erotic depictions includes paintings, sculpture, photographs, dramatic arts, music and writings that show scenes of a sexual nature throughout time. They have been created by nearly every civilization, ancient and modern. Early cul ...

History of printing in East Asia

Printing in East Asia evolved from ink rubbings made on paper or cloth from texts on stone tables in China during the Han dynasty. Mechanical woodblock printing on paper started in China during the Tang dynasty before the 8th century CE. The use ...

Hockney–Falco thesis

The Hockney–Falco thesis is a theory of art history, advanced by artist David Hockney and physicist Charles M. Falco. Both claimed that advances in realism and accuracy in the history of Western art since the Renaissance were primarily the result ...

Horror vacui

In visual art, horror vacui, also kenophobia, is the filling of the entire surface of a space or an artwork with detail. In physics,"horror vacui" reflects Aristotles idea that "nature abhors an empty space."

Iconography

Iconography, as a branch of art history, studies the identification, description, and the interpretation of the content of images: the subjects depicted, the particular compositions and details used to do so, and other elements that are distinct ...

Iconology

Iconology is a method of interpretation in cultural history and the history of the visual arts used Aby Warburg, Erwin Panofsky and their followers that uncovers the cultural, social, and historical background of themes and subjects in the visual ...

Idealism (arts)

In the arts, Idealism encourages imagination and attempts to realize a mental conception of beauty, a standard of perfection, juxtaposed to aesthetic naturalism and realism.

Illusionism (art)

Illusionism in art history means either the artistic tradition in which artists create a work of art that appears to share the physical space with the viewer or more broadly the attempt to represent physical appearances precisely – also called mi ...

Shigemi Inaga

Inaga studied for a Master of Arts in comparative literature and 19th-century French art history at University of Tokyo before being promoted in 1988 to Doctor of Philosophy 博士 hakushi at the Paris Diderot University.

Institut national d'histoire de l'art

The Institut National dHistoire de lArt, commonly abbreviated INHA, is a French research institute, created and governed by Decree No. 2001-621, and situated in Paris. The Institute develops scientific activity and contributes to international co ...

Instituto de Investigaciones Esteticas

The Institute of Aesthetic Research of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, since its foundation in 1936, research has been carried out in its installations into the different forms of artistic expression in Mexico; the diversity of stud ...

International Association of Research Institutes in the History of Art

The International Association of Research Institutes in the History of Art promotes education and research in art history and related disciplines. It was founded in 1998 in Paris to intensify cooperation between art historical institutes by facil ...

Iraqi art

Iraqi art, throughout its entire history, has been influenced by war, revolutions and frequent political changes. For centuries, the capital, Baghdad was the Medieval centre of the literary and artistic Arab world, but its artistic traditions suf ...

Italian Renaissance painting

Italian Renaissance painting is the painting of the period beginning in the late 13th century and flourishing from the early 15th to late 16th centuries, occurring in the Italian peninsula, which was at that time divided into many political state ...

Italian Renaissance

The Italian Renaissance was a period in Italian history that covered the 15th and 16th centuries, spreading across Europe and marking the transition from the Middle Ages to Modernity. Proponents of a "long Renaissance" argue that it began in the ...

History of knotting

Knots and knotting have been used and studied throughout history. For example, Chinese knotting is a decorative handicraft art that began as a form of Chinese folk art in the Tang and Song Dynasty in China, later popularized in the Ming. Knot the ...

Lesbian Art Project

Lesbian Art Project was a participatory art movement founded by Terry Wolverton and Arlene Raven at the Womans Building in Los Angeles. The pioneering project focused on giving a platform to lesbian and feminist perspectives of participants throu ...

Libri Carolini

The Libri Carolini, Opus Caroli regis contra synodum, also called Charlemagnes Books or simply the Carolines, are the work in four books composed on the command of Charlemagne, around 790, to refute the supposed conclusions of the Byzantine Secon ...

Line of beauty

Line of beauty is a term and a theory in art or aesthetics used to describe an S-shaped curved line appearing within an object, as the boundary line of an object, or as a virtual boundary line formed by the composition of several objects. This th ...

List of dates in the history of conservation and restoration

Some key dates in the history of conservation in Europe and the United States include: 1972, New version of the Carta del Restauro Restoration Charter published. 1984, First meeting of the Association of Graduate Training Programs in Conservation ...

Looted art

Looted art has been a consequence of looting during war, natural disaster and riot for centuries. Looting of art, archaeology and other cultural property may be an opportunistic criminal act or may be a more organized case of unlawful or unethica ...

Marburg Picture Index

The Bildindex der Kunst und Architektur is an open online database of 2.2 million photographs of 1.7 million artworks and architectural objects. The owner/operator of this database is the German Documentation Center for Art History known formally ...

Media art history

Media art history is an interdisciplinary field of research that explores the current developments as well as the history and genealogy of new media art, digital art, and electronic art. On the one hand, media art histories addresses the contempo ...

Mise en abyme

In Western art history, Mise en abyme is a formal technique of placing a copy of an image within itself, often in a way that suggests an infinitely recurring sequence. In film theory and literary theory, it refers to the technique of inserting a ...

Modello

A modello, from Italian, is a preparatory study or model, usually at a smaller scale, for a work of art or architecture, especially one produced for the approval of the commissioning patron. The term gained currency in art circles in Tuscany in t ...

Modern European ink painting

A late-20st-century, early-21st-century and ongoing movement, Modern ink painting is an emerging style that reaches beyond traditional Asian ink painting in scope and treatment of a minimalist-art. Contemporary ink painting is developing and esta ...

Monumental sculpture

The term monumental sculpture is often used in art history and criticism, but not always consistently. It combines two concepts, one of function, and one of size, and may include an element of a third more subjective concept. It is often used for ...

National Committee for the History of Art

The National Committee for the History of Art is the U.S. affiliate of the Comite International dHistoire de lArt. It was founded in 1980 by Irving Lavin. Both committees aim to foster intellectual exchange among scholars and students interested ...

Netherlands Institute for Art History

The Netherlands Institute for Art History or RKD Dutch: RKD-Nederlands Instituut voor Kunstgeschiedenis is located in The Hague and is home to the largest art history center in the world. The center specializes in documentation, archives, and boo ...

Neuroarthistory

Neuroarthistory is a term coined by Professor John Onians, an art historian at the University of East Anglia in 2005. Neuroarthistory is an approach that concerns the neurological study of artists, both living and dead. In 2004 Onians taught the ...

Nimmatnama-i-Nasiruddin-Shahi

The Nimmatnama-i-Nasiruddin-Shahi is a medieval Indian cookbook, written in Naskh script, of delicacies and recipes, and some accompanying paintings illustrating the preparation of the recipes. It was started for Ghiyath al -Din Khalji, the ruler ...

Oil sketch

An oil sketch or oil study is an artwork made primarily in oil paint in preparation for a larger, finished work. Originally these were created as preparatory studies or modelli, especially so as to gain approval for the design of a larger commiss ...

Old Master

In art history, Old Master refers to any painter of skill who worked in Europe before about 1800, or a painting by such an artist. An "old master print" is an original print made by an artist in the same period. The term "old master drawing" is u ...

Open form

Open form is a term coined by Heinrich Wolfflin in 1915 to describe a characteristic of Baroque art opposed to the "closed form" of the Renaissance. Wolfflin tentatively offered several alternative pairs of terms, in particular "a-tectonic" and " ...

Orientalism

In art history, literature and cultural studies, Orientalism is the imitation or depiction of aspects in the Eastern world. These depictions are usually done by writers, designers, and artists from the West. In particular, Orientalist painting, d ...

20th-century Western painting

20th-century Western painting begins with the heritage of late-19th-century painters Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cezanne, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and others who were essential for the development of modern art. At the ...

Western painting

The history of Western painting represents a continuous, though disrupted, tradition from antiquity until the present time. Until the mid-19th century it was primarily concerned with representational and Classical modes of production, after which ...

Pathosformel

Pathosformel or "pathos formula" is a term coined by the German art historian and cultural theorist Aby Warburg in his research on the afterlife of antiquity. It is described as "the primitive words of passionate gesture language" and the "emotio ...

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